The dark, black circle in the center of your eye is your pupil. It changes its size according to ambient light, and regulates the amount of light entering the eye. In this, the pupil functions like the aperture of a camera, when you are in dim light, it gets bigger, or dilates, and in bright light it constricts, or becomes smaller. Mentioned below are some disorders of pupil function, and their causes. This article will also discuss the best options for pupil treatment and pupil surgery in Delhi.
What are the common disorders of the pupils?
Disorders of pupil size are relatively more common, than disorders of pupil function. In fact, disorders like Holmes/ Adie’s pupil and Horner’s Syndrome are classified as rare diseases.
Size of pupil. Pupils are small in the extremes of age, and the size of the pupil increases after 2 weeks of age. As we age, the size of the pupil again begins to become smaller, especially in the 60s. Pupil size can also decrease due to certain medications, neurological disorders and diabetes. This is called miosis.
An increase in pupil size may also be caused by certain medications, neurological disorders, and disorders of optic nerve function, including glaucoma. This is called mydriasis.
Medications that can influence pupil size include anti-anxiety, seizure medications and local dilating drops.
Asymmetry of pupil size and function: A difference in the size of the two pupils is called anisocoria. This can be genetic, or caused by unilateral diseases like optic neuritis, unilateral congenital glaucoma like Axenfield-Reigers syndrome etc. Other disorders of pupillary dysfunction which may present as structural anomalies include Horner’s syndrome, Adie’s pupil and Relative Afferent Pupillary Defect.
Where is the best treatment for pupil, including pupil surgery, available in Delhi?
As discussed earlier, Delhi is the hub of excellence in ophthalmology, for both diagnosis and management of routine, as well as rare diseases of the eyes. Pupil treatment, including its surgery, usually depends on the underlying cause and requires the opinion of a skilled neuro-ophthalmologist.
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Of all the available eye hospitals in Delhi, you must choose one based on surgeon expertise, ease of access and available technology. Most of the high end centers have skilled neuro-ophthalmologists for diagnosis and management of pupil disorders. However, if you are looking for the best in this regard, the best treatment for pupil disorders, including pupil surgery is available at these centers:
1. Eye 7 hospitals: We have found that the Eye 7 hospitals have an edge over other private hospitals due to their affordability, skilled surgeons and empathetic staff, in addition to their commitment to providing the most advanced technology for patient care.
2. Dr R P Centre, AIIMS: AIIMS is the apex eye care center of India, and with excellent doctors and access to the latest technology, it comes a close second when it comes to rating eye hospitals for pupil treatment in Delhi, including pupil surgery. Despite excellent doctors and technology, the patient care experience leaves much to be desired with long queues and crowds, as also, long waiting before seeing the neuro-ophthalmology specialist, which is why eye 7 hospitals become our first choice.