In this era of computers, mobile phones, etc., the problem of Myopia or nearsightedness is widely increasing. However, not every person likes to wear spectacles or contact lenses. If you're also one of them and want to get rid of your glasses, then Lasik surgery specialists can help you.
Here in this post, we'll discuss all the surgical treatments that Lasik Surgery Specialists recommend to myopia patients.
Here we go...
Before moving to different LASIK options, let's first understand what Myopia is.
What is Myopia?
Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a type of refractive error in which a person can see objects close to him/her clearly but sees distant objects as blurry.
Common Symptoms of Myopia
1. Inability to see distant objects clearly 2. Headaches 3. Eyestrain 4. Tired eyes 5. Squinting
Treatments for Myopia
1. Glasses for correcting nearsightedness: Patients with Myopia are frequently advised to wear glasses. The eyeglass lens corrects the angle at which light strikes the retina. Your vision will be tested first by the optometrist using focus exercises or eye charts. They examine your eye from a variety of angles to determine which type of lens is best for you. Following the completion of the test, the appropriate type of lens is prescribed for you.
2. Contact lenses for correcting nearsightedness: Another common treatment for patients with Myopia is contact lenses. Contact lenses actually improve your vision by reversing the direction of light entering the eye. The natural tear that forms in the eyes aids in the floatation of contact lenses on the cornea. Often optometrists suggest soft contact lenses and rigid gas permeable lenses.
3. Refractive Surgeries: There are numerous refractive surgeries, which are as follows:
a) Laser-assisted in situ keratomileuses (LASIK) - LASIK, the most commonly performed eye laser surgery, involves creating a partial-thickness corneal flap and ablation of the corneal bed with an excimer laser. After that, the flap is restored to its original position. After surgery, there is little discomfort, and vision recovery usually takes 1 to 2 days. The surgery is performed by Lasik surgery specialists to permanently correct these vision impairments and provide the patient with perfect vision. Lasik laser eye surgery changes the shape of the cornea, allowing light to focus on the retina without the use of contact lenses or eyeglasses. This procedure takes less than 15 minutes and is painless.
b) Laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) - LASEK surgery, like LASIK surgery, involves creating a flap with a special cutting device (microkeratome) and exposing the cornea to ethanol. Because the procedure allows the surgeon to remove less of the cornea, it is an excellent choice for people with thin corneas. LASEK has no significant advantages over LASIK for people who are at higher risk of eye injuries.
c) Epithelial laser-assisted in situ keratomileuses (epi-LASIK) - Epi-LASIK is similar to LASEK. In the epi-LASIK procedure, Lasik surgery specialists use a mechanized blunt blade device (epikeratome) to separate the epithelium from the middle part of the cornea (stroma) and then reshape the cornea with a laser.
d) Small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). SMILE is the most recent refractive surgery type that reshapes the cornea by creating a lens-shaped piece of tissue (lenticule) beneath the cornea's surface with a laser. After using the lenticule to reshape the cornea, it is then removed through a small incision.
e) Bioptics. Bioptics is a type of refractive surgery that combines one or more techniques. Lasik Surgery Specialists can combine intraocular lenses and LASIK or other options to treat nearsightedness or farsightedness.
f) Intraocular lenses. Intraocular lenses or corrective lenses are surgically implanted in the eyes to correct the vision. This is a common procedure during cataract surgery in which the old, cloudy natural lens is removed.
g) Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). PRK is one of the successful eye surgeries performed in Laser eye Centre in Delhi. Instead of forming a flap, PRK scrapes away the top surface (epithelium). This corneal abrasion heals in three to four days, causing moderate pain and blurred vision in the short term.
So these are the various options that Lasik Surgery Specialists suggest for myopia patients. Depending on your preferences and requirements, you can select any of the treatment options for yourself. All you need to do is find the right Lasik Surgeon to have the best experience and treatment.