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Different Types of Eye Doctors for Different Vision Problems

Often we lack basic information about the different types of eye doctors for different vision problems. Yes, different types of vision problems require different eye specialists.

In this post, we shall discuss the LASIK surgery specialists you may require for your vision correction.

More often than not, it is seen that people visit the same eye specialist for all their eye-related problems. It is because they lack the understanding that each vision problem requires a different specialist.

Instead of going to a doctor's clinic, the vast majority of individuals get eye exams and prescription glasses from opticians.

An optician may only be able to assist you in determining the type of glasses that are appropriate for your needs, but they may not be able to diagnose or treat other vision-related issues.

After getting your eyes checked by the optician, many medical professionals will still check your new glasses and lenses so that they may verify whether or not the prescription is correct.

Three Main Categories of Eye Doctors

1. Optician

Opticians are neither eye specialists nor doctors. They are the only people who can only help you with the type of glasses. They do not perform eye exams, prescribe glasses, or treat issues related to the eyes or vision.

They are qualified eye care specialists who can provide, fit, and repair eyeglasses, contact lenses, and frames. Also, they provide eye care services, such as

  • Check lens prescriptions.

  • Guide you in selecting the appropriate lenses and frames for your glasses.

2. Ophthalmologists

Ophthalmologists are eye doctors who concentrate on the treatment of eye and vision conditions.

They may diagnose and treat any condition that affects the eye, as well as perform eye surgery and provide prescriptions for glasses or contact lenses to correct vision issues. An ophthalmologist or LASIK surgery specialist diagnose and treat the following eye conditions:

  • Burns

  • Cataract

  • Conjunctivitis

  • Droopy eyelids

  • Dry eyes symptoms

  • Eye cancer

  • Eye floaters

  • Eye injuries

  • Iritis

  • Glaucoma

  • Macular degeneration

  • Refractive errors (myopia (nearsightedness): difficulty in seeing distant objects clearly; hyperopia (farsightedness): difficulty in seeing close objects clearly; and astigmatism)

  • Squint eyes

  • Strabismus

  • Vision loss, and so on.

In the case you need specialized care or treatment for your eye disease, your ophthalmologist may suggest that you see a subspecialist in that field. The following are some of the most prevalent categories of ophthalmology subspecialists:

a. Retina Specialist: As the name says, a retina specialist is an individual who diagnoses, treats, and controls retinal illnesses such as diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration.

b. Glaucoma Specialists: Glaucoma is a condition that can cause vision loss and damage to the optic nerve in the eye. This damage is caused by an increase in pressure within the eye that is higher than normal. This disease can be diagnosed and managed by glaucoma specialists through medication, laser therapy, and surgical procedures.

c. Paediatric Ophthalmologists: Eye conditions that affect infants and children are diagnosed and treated by pediatric specialists, who are also referred to as pediatric ophthalmologists. This encompasses disorders such as misalignment of the eye, refractive errors, the difference in vision in both eyes, strabismus, and squint, in addition to other childhood eye ailments.

d. Neuro-Ophthalmologists: Neuro-ophthalmologists are eye specialists who diagnose and treat eye problems that are linked to nerve or muscle abnormalities.

Problems with the optic nerve, double vision, anomalies of the eyelids, unequal pupil size, squint, aberrant eye movements, and vision loss are some of the more prevalent disorders that they address.

e. Oculoplastic Surgeons: Oculoplastic surgeons are the only medical professionals qualified to treat conditions that affect the eyelids and the tissues that surround the eyeball.

3. Optometrist

Optometrists are experts in the eye care industry that can provide assistance to ophthalmologists. They are unable to administer medications or do eye surgery, but they can provide prescriptions for corrective lenses to treat visual issues. Optometrists have the education and training to:

  • Evaluate how well one can see in the distance (visual acuity).

  • Diagnose visual disorders (nearsightedness, farsightedness, presbyopia, and astigmatism).

  • Examine the subject's capacity to concentrate and demonstrate eye-hand coordination.

  • Prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses.

Most people don't know the difference between an Optometrist vs Ophthalmologist. They sound similar but have key differences. Learn them so the next time you know which one to visit for your eye problem.


So, these are the different types of doctors. You may need any of these depending on the type of vision problem you have. It is necessary to get your eyes checked or treated by the right doctor in order to get the best results.

Just like getting your treatment done by the right doctor, it is crucial to get your treatment done at the right eye clinic. Contoura Vision India is the best eye clinic in Delhi. They have a team of experts for different vision problems. They can help you get rid of your eye-related issues. All you have to do is to visit the clinic and meet the doctor there.


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